The Call for Papers has now closed but late abstracts may still be considered.
Since its beginning in 2008, Europe’s economic crisis has had a profound impact on societies across Europe and beyond its borders, with significant implications for migration and integration. In October 2010 Angela Merkel announced that attempts to build a multicultural society in Germany had ‘utterly failed’. In February 2011 David Cameron declared that state multiculturalism in Britain had failed.
This international conference will explore the multiple ways in which contemporary economic, social and political crises in Europe (and globally) intersect with new and old patterns of migration-related mobility. The role of transnational migration in constructing identities, in cultural representations and the re-drawing of centre and margin in Europe will be central themes. Mobility and immobility provide a valuable lens through which to explore some of the ways in which inequalities and borders are produced, reproduced, experienced and re-created in European and global contexts. Diverse forms of spatial mobility such as short-term and circular migrations, returns and re-migrations, transnational family arrangements and long-distance commuting have become important livelihood strategies for people within and outside Europe in dealing with current economic and political realities. States respond to mobility and crisis through deepening and diversifying mechanisms of regulation and social control of mobility and of migrants. Non-state actors and institutions, such as religious organisations, play an increasingly important role in mediating the migration context. These processes give rise to ongoing questions surrounding contested concepts such as identity, integration, diversity, human rights and equality as they relate to migrants, non-migrants and diasporas. They also provide methodological challenges to researchers seeking to make sense of rapidly changing social, demographic and political realities.
The current economic crisis within Europe has contributed to something of a shift in migration patterns, as many western and southern European states, such as Ireland and Portugal, have re-emerged as sources of labour migration and have become re-imagined as European peripheries. To what extent does this involve a re-drawing of centre and margin in Europe and a re-racialization of Europe’s peripheries? Does the concept of ‘free internal movement’ make sense in understanding the dynamics of crisis outmigration from peripheral Europe? And how does immobility relate to mobility in the context of regulation, social control and crisis? This is also an interesting moment at which to assess Europe’s place in a globalized world, the relationship between global centers and peripheries, and how the intersections between crisis, global migration, gender, family and postcolonial ties are being re-shaped. Migration, mobility and immobility are key aspects of Europe’s relationships with other global regions and also in the ways in which Europe and its borders are imagined and constructed.
We welcome empirical, theoretical, methodological and policy-focused papers that address these issues, including, but not limited to any of the following themes:
- Economic crisis and affluent mobilities
- New/old mobilities and youth migration to and from European states at a time of austerity
- State and EU responses to and shapings of migrations
- Migrant religions in Europe
- Transnational families, children and new mobilities
Migrant Religions in Europe
The religious landscape of Western European countries has changed rapidly in the last two decades particularly due to the large influx of migrants coming from outside of Europe but also because of intra-European migration following the fall of the communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe and the enlargement of the European Union. This panel focuses on mobility, migration and religion and investigates how through the process of migration religious identities are affected and new religious forms are generated. (Panel Convenor: Dr. Yafa Shanneik, email@example.com)
Economic Crisis and Affluent Mobilities
The current economic crisis has not only impacted on migration patterns of under-privileged migrants groups. It has also had an influence on the directions and routes taken by more relatively privileged migrant groups – or, what may be broadly termed “affluent mobilities”. This panel seeks to explore novel configurations of affluent mobilities that have arisen, or become more pronounced, in the wake of the 2007 global economic downturn. Contributions are welcomed on papers broadly addressing issues of lifestyle migration, business travel, the transnational capitalist class, elite migrants, middle class migrations, migration between developed countries, intra-European migration. (Panel Convenor: Dr. David Ralph, firstname.lastname@example.org).
State responses to and shapings of migrations
We are interested in papers that examine diverse areas of state policy, including employment, adoption, trafficking, political representation, access to state services (e.g. education, health, social services, social welfare, housing) and outcomes of those services. Specifically, we would like papers to address one or more of the following themes: how transnational securitisation, marketisation and bureaucratisation have become embedded in state policies, rolling back certain supports, mobilising some peoples and immobilising others; how states make efforts to ‘attract’ certain migrants, keep others out, and how they justify emigration; the role of internal state institutions regarding migrations, and the contradictions between them; state engagement in distributing ‘voice’: Decision making processes – who gets heard and who decides. (Panel Convenors: Dr. Karl Kitching, Claire Dorrity and Prof. Alastair Christie; contact email@example.com)
New/old mobilities and youth migration to and from European states at a time of austerity
The current economic crisis within Europe has contributed to something of a shift in migration patterns, as many western and southern European states, (some, such as Ireland and Portugal, more than others, such as Spain and Greece) have re-emerged as sources of labour migration and have become re-imagined as European peripheries, even as their own internal labour markets remain or become increasingly segmented.
At the same time the phenomenon of increasing globalisation in the EU and beyond may also mean that those without the requisite educational, social and cultural capital may find it more difficult than ever to migrate and prosper. A related issue is the question of ‘crisis migrants’ who are still leaving peripheral Europe and the ‘peripheral world’ more generally and who end up at the sharp end of life in core economies where social protection and decent working conditions are breaking down in an era of zero-hour contracts.
These phenomena raise questions concerning issues such as a European ‘brain drain’, the nature of internal EU mobility, relationships between peripherality, mobility, immobility and exclusion and the impact of EU policies in such fields as regional and rural development, youth policy, labour policy and migration. (Panel Convenor: Dr. Piaras Mac Éinrí; firstname.lastname@example.org)
Transnational families, children and new mobilities
We invite original empirical papers which explore the position of children within transnational families including child agency in negotiating transnational intimacy; children, technology, and transnationalism; children left-behind and child circulation between transnational contexts; child imaginings and transnational lives; and how children are positioned within the collective family transnational agendas. (Panel Convenor: Dr. Angela Veale; email@example.com)
Papers which address the general theme of the conference but do not fit in any of these panels are also welcome.
General enquiry emails can be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org